Brachychiton populneus kurrajong species description. Each plant profile in the database contains nomenclature info, botanical data, plant description, large, highresolution pictures, images and photos of the plants and its parts. This is the profile for the plant brachychiton populneus kurrajong maltese name not known. Mar 15, 2009 brachychiton populneus aka bottle tree, black kurrajong etc. A small to medium 810 metres native tree with a conical form, bears racemes of medium pink flowers in spring to summer and retains its leaves when flowering. Brachychiton populneus x discolour griffith pink ellenby. For more multimedia, look at brachychiton populneus on wikimedia commons. Y yes, regularly, o occasionally, u uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.
Each plant profile in the database contains nomenclature info, botanical data, plant description, large, highresolution pictures, images and photos of the plants and its parts, detailed information such as uses, history, habitat, and medicinal. Brachychiton populneus, the kurrajong, at capel manor college gardens enfield london england. Brachychiton populneus is a plant of the arid to moist tropics, subtropics and warm temperate zones, where it is found at elevations up to 1,000 metres. Brachychiton populneus kurrajong, bottletree, kurrajong. Plants are tolerant of dry conditions, easy to propagate and have many interesting features.
The gum exudate can be eaten, the taproot can be eaten and is described as carrotlike4 or yamlike1, and the seeds can be ground up and used as a coffee substitute4. Araucaria bidwillii brachychiton acerifolius rainforest trees. Brachychiton populneus standard sterculia diversifolia. The genus brachychiton contains 31 species of trees and shrub, all native to australia 30 species and new guinea one species. It is in leaf all year, in flower from may to july. The bellshaped flowers are variable in colour pale to pink while the. The species brachychiton populneus has two subspecies that differ in adult leaf shape. The kurrajong tree brachychiton populneus nurseries online. Eastern australia can be used for bonsai big tree 20 ft. Brachychiton populneus widely distributed tree of eastern australia yielding a tough.
Media in category brachychiton populneus the following 61 files are in this category, out of 61 total. Brachychiton populneus standard sterculia diversifolia bottle tree has a heavy trunk that is broad at the base, tapering towards the top. Brachychiton populneus widely distributed tree of eastern australia yielding a tough durable fiber and soft light attractively grained wood. Many have odd, bulbous trunks for the storage of water during extended periods of dryness such as this brachychiton rupestris i came across in a landscape streetscape in toowoomba, australia.
Brachychiton acerifolius x populneus bella donna grafted a small to medium 810 metres native tree with a conical form, bears racemes of medium pink flowers in spring to summer and retains its leaves when flowering. The trunk is someway swollen and the bark is a mid grey in colour. It measures 21 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 78 inches and a crown spread of 22 feet. Brachychiton populneus, commonly called kurrajong, is a native to eastern australia with much value in cultivation. We do not intend the plant list to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Fruit are a leathery boat shaped follicle with hairs on the seeds held within. Forest 79 kurrajong and bottle tree australian natives. A smaller growing species, brachychiton bidwillii is known as the little kurajong. With over 250 varieties of advanced trees, on 6 acres, it is perths largest display nursery for advanced trees. Brachychiton populneus kurrajong tree trees speciality.
Malvaceae previously listed in the streculiaceae family. A few species are cultivated as ornamentals, as are some of the showy hybrids. Brachychiton populneus kurrajong, bottletree, kurrajong pfaf plant. The plant list includes 45 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus brachychiton. Brachychiton megaphyllus has survived for three winters in a protected courtyard in zone 9a at the university of north florida. Strong vertical, commercial to large residential, mesic, tropical or alpine character, popular for shade in parks, lawn tree.
It has been widely planted as an ornamental tree in southwestern western australia and has occasionally escaped from cultivation to. Brachychiton populneus sterculia bottle tree boething treeland farms grows over 1,200 varieties of trees, shrubs, perennials and specialty plants on ten california nurseries to serve the wholesale landscape and nursery industries throughout the western united states and beyond. The plant list includes a further 10 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus brachychiton. Media in category brachychiton acerifolius the following 124 files are in this category, out of 124 total. The kurrajong brachychiton populneus is an under utilised australian native species that has high drought tolerance coupled with an attractive broadform that provides good shade coverage. Brachychiton populneus february 2014 brachychiton populneus, commonly known as the kurrajong tree, is a longlived, locallyoccurring tree, reaching up to 20 metres with age. It is not everyday when you get to watch the skillful loading of 20 x 200 litre ornamental pears, each 4. Ellenby tree farm invites you to visit the sales nursery in gnangara and browse the display stock. Brachychiton kurrajong, bottletree is a genus of 31 species of trees and large shrubs, native to australia the centre of diversity, with 30 species, and new guinea one species. Glossy deep green foliage with clusters of large pink bell flowers in late spring and early summer.
The species is monoecious individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant. Eastern australia from northern victoria into queensland. It is one of around 31 species of brachychiton, most of which are deciduous, and all but one are endemic to australia. The pyramidal form, dense evergreen foliage, and deep root system make this a good selection for a lawn or street tree. Brachychiton acerifolius x populneus bella donna grafted. Brackachiton populnayus hardiness zones sunset 1224 usda 911. Brachychiton rupestris is another species that is better known in california than the coastal southeast.
The extended trunk is a water storage device for survival in a warm dry climate. Aboriginal people used the seeds, inner bark and roots of young trees as a food. Department of agriculture agricultural research service. Brachychiton populneus synonyms, brachychiton populneus pronunciation, brachychiton populneus translation, english dictionary definition of brachychiton populneus. Brachychiton populneus, commonly known as the kurrajong, is a small to mediumsized tree. Brachychiton populneus is a small tree 1020 m high, which has a widespread distribution. Request pdf a comparative study of brachychiton populneus seed and seedfiber oils in tunisia we conducted a comparative study of. It measures 48 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 143 inches and a crown spread of 54 feet. Leaves ovate to lanceolate, lamina usually 510 cm long, glabrous, entire or 35lobed, lobes very narrow, especially on saplings. In an open position brachychiton populneus will reach around 10m 15m in height with a broad spreading crown.
It is a small tree with large, rounded leaves and red flowers. These are primarily included because names of species rank are. Victoria, new south wales, queensland, northern territory. Saleh a department of phytochemistry and plant systematics, national research centre, giza, egypt b department ofpharmacognosy, faculty pharmacy, cairo university, giza, egypt a r t i c l e i n f o. Request pdf a comparative study of brachychiton populneus seed and seed fiber oils in tunisia we conducted a comparative study of. Pdf morphological, phytochemical and antihyperglycemic. Pdf estimation of phytochemical constituents and in. The present study was designed to evaluate chief phytochemical constituents of various fractions of brachychiton populneus leaves and its antioxidative aptitude against free radicals.
Morphological, phytochemical and antihyperglycemic. Brachychiton is greek for short and here means short tunic, referring to the loose outer covering of the seed. Morphological, phytochemical and antihyperglycemic evaluation of. I have the australian bottle tree brachychiton populneus planted about 8 years ago and it has grown exceedingly well. This is an australian native adaptable to hot, dry locations. Fertilise with a low phosphorous fertiliser annually. Brachychiton species, bottle tree, kurrajong brachychiton. Fossils from new south wales and new zealand are estimated to be 50 million years old, corresponding to the paleogene. Fresh green foliage shimmers in the breeze yearround on this evergreen. Large numbers of continue reading kurrajong bottle tree. Any and all property is evaluated as though free and clear, under responsible. Bring a little bit of the outback to your yard by growing a brachychiton populneus, also known as the bottle tree or kurrajong. Araucaria bidwillii brachychiton acerifolius rainforest trees bunya and illawara by tatters. Pdf estimation of phytochemical constituents and in vitro.
Sadly, to me at least, it is the least interesting of the cultivated brachychitons, perhaps because it is so common. Brachychiton populneus kurrajong ellenby tree farm. The adult leaves of subspecies populneus have reduced side lobes and appear more like those of poplars populus species. Pronunciation of brachychiton populneus with 1 audio pronunciation, 3 synonyms, 1 meaning and more for brachychiton populneus. Naturally distributed from northeastern victoria to townsville and from the coast through to the semiarid inland, b. A comparative study of brachychiton populneus seed and seed. A medium sized native tree with glossy green leaves. The kurrajong bottle tree is a handsome evergreen species with a fast growth rate and height range between 3045 ft. Subspecies trilobus has a more northerly and inland distribution and displays leaves with 3, sometimes 5 narrow lobes. How to grow brachychiton populneus home guides sf gate.
Kurrajong bottle tree inland valley garden planner. Water as required for 8 weeks until established, then as required. It has still maintained its conical shape that first drew me to it. It is a wonderful evergreen and does not have invasive roots, so its perfect for the front of our home tucson, arizona near the sidewalk. Grown as an ornamental tree in parks, gardens and as a street tree. The kurrajong definitely has a role to play in contemporary urban landscapes. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 25 32c, but can tolerate 38c. Brachychiton populneus wikispecies, free species directory. Brachychiton populneus, commonly known as the kurrajong, is a small to mediumsized tree found naturally in australia in a diversity of habitats from wetter coastal districts to semiarid interiors of victoria, new south wales and queensland. Brachychiton populneus kurrajong, bottletree, kurrajong pfaf.
Brachychiton populneus in the germplasm resources information network grin, u. A brachychiton rupestris in cupertino, ca is registered as a california big tree. Trees of this species take 3550 years to reach mature height. Australian aborigines used the bottle tree as a source of fiber from which to make twine for bandages2, nets, and dilly bags1 and it is still cultivated for the use of its fiber4. Fossils from new south wales and new zealand are estimated to be 50 million years old, corresponding to the paleogene they grow to 4 30m tall, and some are dryseason deciduous. Brachychiton populneus is an evergreen tree growing to 18 m 59ft by 18 m 59ft at a fast rate.540 813 276 373 975 1472 611 1049 1183 1497 822 1119 729 736 437 1080 901 700 1596 1600 1358 1047 191 342 723 820 1300 1067 437 310 1344 253 728 151 608 917