What is the difference between a software and hardware raid. The basic idea of raid redundant arrays of inexpensive disks is to combine multiple small, independent disk drives into an array of disk drives which yields performance and recoverability exceeding that of a single large expensive drive sled. Difference between software and hardware raid 10 if the. A redundant array of inexpensive disks raid allows high levels of storage reliability.
The advantage of software raid is that your raid sets are not dependent on a certain controller or format and that you receive bugfixes and software updates easily through the software update process. Differences between hardware raid, hbas, and software raid. Feb 28, 2018 raid redundant array of independent disks is one of the popular data storage virtualization technology. Ive been hoping other people would post with some experience, because im in the middle of a decision and am leaning toward software but just basically fear the unknown. Storage spaces has served me well for awhile and i really like the ability to easily migrate my drives to a new computer with little effort.
But the real question is whether you should use a hardware raid solution or a software raid solution. What is the difference between hardware raid and software raid. Choosing between software raid and hardware raid depends on what you need to do and how much you want to pay. You have to firstly tell your system to stop using the disk and then replace the disk. It is generally fine, however, to use windows software raid on simple storage.
Hardware agnostic you can pull the disks out of one machine and put them into another without needing to find the same proprietary raid controller live management you can manipulate the array on the live system e. This table summarizes the key differences between hardware and software raids. An example of a hardware raid device would be one that connects to a scsi controller and presents the raid arrays as a single scsi drive. Before raid was raid, software disk mirroring raid 1 was a huge profit generator for system vendors, who sold it as an addon to their operating systems. Managing raid on linux covers everything system administrators need to know to put together a system that can support raid. The linux software raid stack is just as much of a component as a hardware card, and its failure. The raid controller on the card combines drives into a virtual volume. Mac for more than 25 years and larry is here to explain the difference between a.
Software raid a simple way to describe software raid is that the raid task runs on the cpu of your computer system. Raid stands for redundant array of inexpensive disks. Raid is always concerned with blocks of data, not how the filesystem presents that data to the user. Reasons for using software raid versus a hardware raid setup. But with budget favoring the software raid, those wanting optimum performance and efficiency of raid will have to go with the hardware raid. Bios raid is restricted to the devices attached to the controller that offers bios raid. In a hardware raid setup, the drives connect to a special raid controller inserted in a fast pciexpress pcie. Sans does not provide any method of monitoring the array via linux only windows or os x.
The performance of a software based array is dependent on the server cpu performance and load. The performance of a softwarebased array is dependent on the server cpu performance. We know that software raid in windows has always sucked. Comparison of software raid on windows versus linux. Software versus hardware software raid has the advantage of flexibility software raid can take advantage of cpu software raid can be integrated with other storage software encryption, dedup, etc software raid can easily be updated hardware is vendor supported software raid is less expensive. Hardware raid will cost more, but it will also be free of software raid s. Mac for more than 25 years and larry is here to explain the difference between a software raid and a hardware raid.
We got our hands on four sas 6 gbs raid controllers from adaptec, areca, highpoint, and lsi and ran them through raid 0, 5, 6, and 10 workloads to test their mettle. The drives are configured, so that the data is either divided between disks to distribute load, or duplicated to ensure that it can be recovered once a disk fails. Bsd opensolaris and linux raid software drivers are open source. I assume that the 975x is essentially a hardwareassisted software raid solution, but i cannot find any difinitive information on this. A software raid can be prone to data corruption, due to the fault of the raid software or driver that is being used. And for all the other tests i did software raid outperformed the hardware raid. Software vs hardware raid nixcraft nixcraft linux tips. Hardware raid is great if you have the money, and the space my adpatec 2100s is a full pcix card its huge in my atx case. What is everyones thoughts on storage spaces vs hardware raid. I have scoured through articles written about tuning software and i have used linux software raid for over 10 years. While a file server setup to use software raid would likely sport a quad core cpu with 8 or 16gb of ram, the relative differences in.
Obviously, hardware raid is pricier compared to software raid, due to the extra hardware that you need to purchase. Firmware and software raid differ from hardware raid in that the array is ultimately managed by the operating system instead of a dedicated. Comparing hardware raid vs software raid setups deals with how the storage drives in a raid array connect to the motherboard in a server or pc, and the management of those drives. Motherboard raid, also known as fake raid, is almost always merely biosassisted software raid, implemented in firmware and is closedsource, proprietary, nonstandard, and often buggy, and almost always slower than the timetested and reliable software raid found in linux. Hardware raid if provided by the enclosure as opposed to an adapter in your server can vary by vendor. The book shows how to build an array and optionally install a highperformance file system. With todays fast cpus, software raid performance can excel against hardware raid. It is a way to virtualize multiple, independent hard disk drives into one or more arrays to. Windows software raid vs hardware raid ars technica. The performance of a softwarebased array depends on the server cpu performance and load. Linux server this forum is for the discussion of linux software used in a server related context. The hardware is typically expensive, and adds a substantial amount to the cost of the whole system.
The linux software raid stack is just as much of a component as a hardware card, and its failure modes are numerous and amusing except when you get. Now that we know a little bit about both raid and backup, lets highlight some differences between them. Hardware raid versus software raid red hat enterprise linux. Numerous operating systems support raid configuration, including those from apple, microsoft, various linux flavors as well as openbsd. Some users selection from managing raid on linux book. Whether software raid vs hardware raid is the one for you depends on what you need to do and how much you want to pay. Linux software raid often called mdraid or mdraid makes the use of raid possible without a hardware raid controller. Theres nothing inherently wrong with cpuassisted aka software raid, but you should use the software raid that. Take your harddrives out and put them into the new hardware.
Such solutions usually come with additional hardware e. The md driver in the linux kernel is an example of a raid solution that is completely hardware independent. Use onboard sata and mirror the ssd drives through server 2008 r2 builtin raid. Software vs bios vs hardware raid ars technica openforum. It is used to improve disk io performance and reliability of your server or workstation. Hardware raid vs software raid, is hardware raid portable. Beyond that, hardware raid usually has at least options for battery backed or newer capacitorflash based write caches. If you configured the raid via software raid mdadm the use that. Choosing between software raid and hardware raid depends on what you need to do and cost. A raid can be deployed using both software and hardware. Heavy processing can cause some pieces of data to be delayed by a small amount of time.
Raid 5 vs raid 10 performance and other raid levels. Hardware versus software managing raid on linux book. With linux software raid, the raid can be built from all kinds of block devices, including disks attached to controllers that do not provide raid by themselves, or disks attached to different controllers. Replacing failed disk in the software raid is a bit more complex. With todays faster cpus, software raid outperforms hardware raid. It is a way to virtualize multiple, independent hard disk drives into one or more arrays to improve performance, capacity and reliability. The performance of a software based array depends on the server cpu performance and load. Jun, 2016 comparing hardware raid vs software raid setups deals with how the storage drives in a raid array connect to the motherboard in a server or pc, and the management of those drives. I do agree though, that hardware raid is the best choice on business class windows servers or even important.
Software or hardware raid i am planning on purchasing a new server soon and would like use two dell ssds in raid 1 configuration using windows server 2008 r2. Jul 06, 2011 reasons for using software raid versus a hardware raid setup. Where i am going all in for a new server, i would appreciate some feedback. Linux raid support is way superior to windows and should by itself be the reason to switch to linux.
System performance hardware raid may better balance system performance through asynchronous performance and. Software raid, as you might already know, is usually builtin on your os and unlike a hardware raid, you will need to spend a little extra on a controller card. Difference between software raid and hardware raid in high level is presented in this video session. I want to know what would be the best configuration for this. Software vs hardware raid performance and cache usage server. Hardware redundant array of inexpensive disks raid and software raid are two main ways for setting up raid system. Both software and hardware raid deals with data as blocks of information, the size of blocks may vary from 128 kib to 1 mib. How you approach this with a hardware raid depends on the type of raid you use. So the only way to tell if a drive is failing is to go the software route. Thisd then be set up as a network share for a remote jirabitbucket store, and also vm storage for my xen boxes. Ive ordered an areca 1280ml 24 port sata controller. Flexibility is the key advantage of an open source software raid, like linux mdadm, but may require a specialized skillset for proper.
In case of a linux software raid, when your mainboard etc. Software raid also works with cheaper ide disks as well as scsi disks. Hardware versus software although raid is built directly into the linux kernel, some users might find it advantageous to buy custom drive controllers that have builtin raid capabilities. Comparison of software raid on windows versus linux by angsuman chakraborty, gaea news network sunday, february 18, 2007. And hardware raid has been a great, but expensive and labor intensive, solution for those who have the expertise or can hire it as needed. Im about to start a new server build for home media storage. Jul 07, 2009 a redundant array of inexpensive disks raid allows high levels of storage reliability. I have tested both windows software raid facility as well as linux raid capability. It sounds like you configured the raid via the bios though so definitely use that.
Numerous server oses support raid configuration, including those from apple, microsoft, various linux flavours as well as openbsd, freebsd. If so, i always advise to opt for hardware based raid first. Selection of hardware raid versus software raid in the commodity server space is almost completely one of preference and market momentum rather than of specific performance or features both platforms essentially are equal with individual implementations being far more important in considering product options rather than hardware and. When running basic io tests ddoflagdirect 5k to 100g files, hdparam t, etc. We list the pros and cons of hardware vs software raid to help you decide which one is best for you. It combines multiple inexpensive, small disk drives into an array of disks in order to provide redundancy, lower latency maximizing the chanc. It is usually os agnostic, so volumes are not specific to an os file system like software raid. The linux kernel contains an md driver that allows the raid solution to be completely hardware independent. With the advent of hardware raid systems the battle was joined until the hardware array. An external raid system moves all raid handling intelligence into a controller located in the external disk subsystem. A software raid can also be affected if the host computer is heavily loaded. Difference between hardware raid and software raid. Comparison of software raid on windows versus linux data.
Of course, the methodology will very much depend on your final goal. Some software raid implementations include a piece of hardware, which might make the implementation seem like a. I decided to go with software raid rather than using the hardware option of the sans enclosure. This is a method of improving the performance and reliability of your storage media by using multiple drives. The raid can be implemented either using a special controller hardware raid, or by an operating system driver software raid. This document will discuss a variety of factors to consider when choosing between hardware and software raid configurations on linux workstations. Software raid is just that, while overhead is small, hardware raid performance will be better 9 out of 10 times. Hardware raid offers better reliability compared to software raid.
So, just for fun i decided to let the raid controller export each disk individually and use the linux software raid and see what performance that would give. Comparison hardware raid versus software raid in regards to a variety of considerations. Aug 14, 2018 raid stands for redundant array of inexpensive disks. Ive used software raid as well, only in raid0, and it worked flawlessly in suse linux and still use software raid 1 in suse 9. Hardware raid uses a raid card to connect drives with computer. On the other hand, some raid cards introduce speed issues rather than solving them, we are way past the point where the cpu was important in raid setups, raid 1 has no calculation of parity anyway, so, unless you like to learn something and test various scenarios, dont even think of a raid controller for raid1 ssd. Hardware versus software raid on linux workstations. I am assuming you mean hardware raid with lvm on top, vs. The hardwarebased array manages the raid subsystem independently from the host and presents to the host only a single disk per raid array. Given that you can safely move the entire enclosure from one server to another with the raid intact but youd have to make sure your new server knew to use it e. Software vs hardware raid nixcraft linux tips, hacks.778 1237 1262 482 632 1023 385 499 598 452 285 382 533 924 888 1014 1140 804 1192 898 896 674 375 1114 1182 724 595 266 1070 1135 203